When it comes to dental implants, many people think of them as a permanent solution for missing teeth. But what most don’t realise is that in some cases, getting a successful implant requires more than just the implant itself; it may require bone grafting. But what exactly is a bone graft, and why might you need one? Bone grafts are an important part of the process and can make or break whether your dental implant will be successful. In this article, we’ll discuss all the information you need about bone grafts for dental implants so you can make informed decisions about your oral health care.

 

What Is a Bone Graft?

A bone graft is a surgical procedure to add volume and density to your jaw in areas where bone loss has occurred. That happens when new bone or synthetic material is added to existing bone. This is often done to repair damage caused by injury, disease, or missing teeth. In dentistry, a bone graft adds volume to an area where teeth are missing to create a stable foundation for dental implants.

 

Who Needs a Bone Grafting?

If you have experienced jawbone loss, a dental bone graft could be your ideal solution. Here are some indications that this procedure may be necessary:

  • People who are about to have a tooth extracted.
  • People who intend to replace a missing tooth through a dental implant.
  • For those requiring a jaw reconstruction prior to receiving a denture.
  • Those with areas of bone deterioration caused by gum (periodontal) disease.
  • People who suffer from bone tissue shrinkage that is caused by gum disease.

 

Types of Bone Grafts

Three types of bone grafting can be used for dental implants: autografts, allografts, and xenografts.

 

grafting dental procedure implant eppingAutografts

Autografts are a common bone grafting technique that involves the transfer of bone graft material from one point on the body to another. Generally speaking, autografts are considered to be more beneficial than other bone grafting techniques because there is a lower risk of infection and rejection since it utilises the patient’s own bone tissue instead of donor tissue. The harvested part is typically used as a support to fill in gaps and create a functional structure. Autografts have been commonly used in orthopaedic surgery, long bone fractures, spinal fusion surgery, and non-unions, as they help speed up recovery times while also providing excellent ongoing support.

 

Allografts

Allografts are a powerful tool in bone grafting. They offer a solution to those suffering from bone disorders that traditional bone grafting procedures can’t address. Allografts involve transplanting healthy bone tissue from one person to another, enabling individuals who have lost bone mass due to disorders or injury to have access to bones that they would otherwise not have access to. Not only is this advantageous for medical treatment, but it also greatly reduces the recovery time required after bone grafting. Allografts continue to play an integral role in modern bone grafting procedures and help restore the natural bone structure of those who have had bone loss due to injury or illness.

 

Xenografts

Xenografts are a unique bone grafting technique that uses donor bone tissue from another species to repair bone and tissue defects. This method has been successfully used to treat bone fractures ranging from minor to complex cases and has grown in popularity as an effective alternative to traditional bone grafting procedures. By harvesting bone tissue from animal sources, such as cow or pig bones, doctors are able to effectively correct bone deformities with fewer associated risks than with other treatments. Additionally, because xenografts usually contain an already established vascular system, the chances of successful integration and healing are increased.

 

How Bone Grafting Works?

Bone grafting is a surgical technique that restores bone structure and can help treat bone fractures, abnormalities, and defects. During bone grafting, bone cells, tissue, and other materials are used to repair or replace bone parts. A bone graft can be taken from the patient’s own bone or from donor tissue, as well as allograft material or synthetic bone-composite implants. Depending on the type of bone graft procedure being performed, bone marrow cells may also be introduced to the area for faster natural growth. The type of graft used depends upon the size of the defect, its location, and what medical objectives need to be met. With improvements in medical technology, bone grafting is becoming an increasingly effective way to correct skeletal deformities and restore range of motion for improved quality of life.

 

What Happens Before Bone Grafting Placement?

Before bone grafting placement, your doctor will need to assess your bone quality, the area of bone loss, and existing bone structure. Through precise X-ray imaging, they can evaluate bone density and bone-to-bone contact. They might also use imaging technology like computed tomography (CT) scans if greater detail is needed. This information helps them understand your individual bone grafting process, choose the appropriate bone grafting material, and develop a customised surgical plan. Your medical team will then discuss potential solutions with you to ensure you are fully informed before surgery begins. It’s important to remember that every patient’s bone grafting surgery is unique – tailored just for them so the best possible outcome can be achieved.

 

Bone Grafting Procedure

Bone grafting is a much-needed process that fills bone gaps efficiently and safely. It’s important to note that bone grafting starts with bone marrow collection, and the bone marrow extract is placed into the desired bone by cutting the gum tissue to reveal the bone if you do not have a tooth extraction.

treatment implanted tooth graft eppingThis initiates a bone healing operation necessary to form new bone at the bone gap’s site. Depending on the requirement, bone tissue can be taken from elsewhere in your body as well as from donor or cadaver bone tissue.

The location from which bone will be taken depends on doctors’ recommendations and suggestions.

After long-term research and analysis, doctors have come up with this procedure which has shown promising results for individuals who are unable to heal bones naturally through their own body’s natural healing process.

 

Benefits of Bone Grafting

Bone grafting can provide many benefits when it comes to getting dental implant surgery. For starters, it helps ensure that the implant has enough support within the jaw bone and that there won’t be any problems down the line due to lack of stability. Additionally, suppose you were considering having two or more dental implants placed at once. In that case, having a sturdy base created by a bone graft can make this possible without any issues. Lastly, because dental implants are designed to mimic natural teeth in appearance and function, having sufficient jawbone volume creates a better aesthetic result overall.

 

Conclusion

Bone grafting may seem intimidating, but it can provide many benefits when getting dental implants. It helps create a strong foundation within the jawbone so that your implant stays secure over time and improves aesthetics for those wanting multiple implants placed at once. Contact us at Lyndarum Family Dentist in Epping on (03) 9626 9581 today about whether or not you need a bone graft before proceeding with your implant surgery! Our professional dental team is waiting to answer all of your questions and provide support throughout the entire process. Don’t wait any longer for the dental implant of your dreams. We look forward to helping you achieve the smile that you love!

 

 

Note: Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.

 

 

 

Sources

Bone grafts in dentistry
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3722694/

Surgical Procedures
https://www.perio.org/for-patients/periodontal-treatments-and-procedures/surgical-procedures/

Bone Grafts and Substitutes in Dentistry: A Review of Current Trends and Developments
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8158510/ 

 

 

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